eDiscovery services

eDisclosure or eDiscovery, the choice is yours…

eDiscovery combines digital forensics with electronic disclosure.   The process typically includes the acquisition of data followed by analytical services, used to classify and dissemination case data.

As with every case, understanding the ultimate objective of an exercise is paramount.  Consequently, our combined digital and investigative skills can provide a comprehensive and cost-effective ‘all-in-one’ service.

Furthermore, our in-house expertise and experience allows us to provide the client with:

  • Investigation services
  • Transcription and inclusion services
For examples of eDiscovery assignments

Obtaining evidence in an acceptable information, normally involves the acquisition and pre-processing of electronic data from source.

Methods of obtaining evidence normally include the creation of forensically sound images or copies. Using hashing techniques to verify and validate copies. Coming from a variety of sources, such as computers, mobile phones, servers, hand-held devices and of course the ‘cloud’.
Acquiring data and converting it to industry standard file format for analysis and review, second nature.

A significant difference with digital information is the sheer volume of data that can be stored on a single device.  With operating systems and applications alike having a habit of creating copies or near copies of files.

Efficiently dealing with the volumes and types of encoded or encrypted data requires both specialist knowledge and leading-edge software.

Specialist knowledge may also be needed when dealing with data obtained from different jurisdictions so as to ensure compliance with any retention requirements. We would be happy to provide advice on both this and when requesting electronic data from additional third parties.

Where we differ

In addition to analytical and investigative services, we can also provide transcription and inclusion services.  Where physical documents exist.  Whether typed, handwritten or a different language, these can also be incorporated.  As a result, providing a more comprehensive package and greater accuracy.

All aspects of our processes are designed to provide the ability for a thorough examination of the data.  While evidentially preserving the integrity of original exhibits.

Sorting the wheat from the chaff…

Within our eDiscovery armoury, is a wide variety of in-house and commercial tools, used to identify relevant information and remove duplicates or near duplicates where applicable.

On-line client access to data can also be provided.


We work closely with legal teams, having been frequently asked to combine our technical and investigative experience.  Providing an efficient and cost-effective resource as a result.

Our collective skills giving us the ability to identify and report early on salient matters.  Helping to identify other potential avenues for consideration, which may require further action. Allowing legal teams time to concentrate on other aspects of the case.

Gaps can occur between the service provider and investigator.  Where the service provider is unable to assimilate the results of searches. Similarly, the investigator typically lacks the necessary technical skills, to fully exploit relevant software, tools and techniques.

Examples include:

  • Drill-down techniques
  • Efficient use of Boolean logic
  • Efficient use of wildcards
  • The correct interpretation of metadata
An electronic file containing digital evidence, not only comprises of the textual content, such as a letter, contract or email.  The electronic file associated with the text also contains additional information known as metadata.  The amount and type of metadata can vary from file to file and is likely to include, the date and time created, modified or deleted.  Details of a username associated with creating or editing a file may also exist.  Furthermore, previous versions of the text may also exist in some circumstances.

While metadata is important, it is imperative that the information is interpreted correctly.  Its source and any surrounding circumstances need to be taken into consideration and assessed to ensure that the information provided is neither misleading or misconstrued.

For examples of eDiscovery assignments
Reporting and Presentation

Having undertaken many complex investigations in the past.  We appreciate the value of being able to undertake the analysis of data at a technically high level.  Finally, presenting the findings in a simple and easily understandable report form.

Associated services: Investigations

Our expertise and experience, uniquely combines electronic forensic skills, with an understanding of corporate finance.

Asset Tracing – Audit – Computer Security – Digital Forensics – Due Diligence – eDiscovery – Fraud Investigation

Intelligence Gathering -Passwords Analysis – Penetration Testing – Wireless Security

Services underpinned with expertise and experience.